Internet of Everything
Published Jan 15, 2015 8:00 AM
Research at UCLA is automating objects that will change our lives, transforming complex tech into things that are both useful and intelligent.
The Internet and smart phones have so rapidly revolutionized how we talk to each other, shop and find information that we can barely remember life before them. But that was only Act I. Next up is the Internet of things — connected and programmable household objects and wearable accessories that collect and analyze data and respond to our needs. It will fold our physical world into the digital realm and essentially automate our lives. Google Glass and Nest automated thermostats are only a hint of what’s coming —25 billion computerized devices will be connected in 2015, reports Cisco, and by 2025 wearable technology will be the norm, say 83 percent of 1,600 technology experts polled by Pew.
But skeptics wonder if the Internet of things is mostly hype — ubiquitous computing looking for problems to solve. UCLA researchers look at it differently. They are studying problems first, and then figuring out how automating objects and wearables will solve them. Think of appliances that automatically respond to the power grid, or smart canes that predict whether an elder will fall. Health care is proving fertile territory for some of the researchers’ most exciting work. At the same time, Google and others are hustling to develop networking standards that can handle the onslaught of data from these products. Vinton Cerf M.S. ’70, Ph.D. ’72, one of the founders of the Internet, has no doubt that the world is primed for smart, easy-to-understand objects that offer clear benefits. “We’ll soon assume that the objects around us are collecting data and are interconnected. We’ll expect to control all kinds of things automatically and remotely,” he predicts. Sound intriguing? Take a look.
Part Room, Part Vehicle
Architecture Professor Greg Lynn, UCLA’s guru of intelligent buildings, is working with students on a movable room that is shaped like an egg. Forget your image of what a living space should be. This space revolves around on a base, and the furniture and walls are programmed to fold into pockets in the walls when they aren’t needed. As the “room vehicle” (RV) turns on its side, the floor becomes a wall, and a wall becomes the floor. A tablet computer and smart phone interface control the RV’s movements. They will eventually be able to predict patterns, so the RV could automatically rearrange the environment to suit the user’s routine.
“Because it’s revolving and adaptable, the RV provides 1,500 square feet of living space while taking up only 600 square feet of floor space,” says Lynn. Last spring, three UCLA students developed a smart phone and tablet interface to control the RV’s software at Suprastudio, the graduate architecture program at UCLA’s IDEAS satellite campus, located in the former airplane hangar of magnate Howard Hughes.
Lest all this sounds too far-fetched, it helps to know that a one-fifth-size model has already toured the offices of Facebook and Red Bull. We can expect RVs or similar reconfigurable rooms to be adopted by Silicon Valley companies first, then expand into other offices and eventually to homes, Lynn says.
Google Glass Takes to the Stage
We never thought of Broadway this way. The UCLA School of Theater, Film and Television (TFT) is using Google Glass — a headset that houses a tiny, wireless computer with a display screen and camera around the right eye — to reshape our notion of a theater plot.
With coding by UCLA student programmers Joon-Sub Chung and Karan Chugh, master’s film student Eben Portnoy wrote a futuristic, interactive play titled Bodies for a Global Brain, in which a young couple give themselves over to the consciousness that the Internet has become. During the performance, the actors are sent the Internet’s thoughts (actually, archived posts from Twitter) via Glass. The duo improvises on stage, using the incoming tweets in their dialogue.
Jeff Burke ’99, M.S. ’01, M.F.A. ’10, assistant dean for technology and innovation at TFT, designed the project in early 2014 as part of the Glass Creative Collective program, a partnership with Google and film schools. When the students found they needed an algorithm to manage the archive of tweets, they turned to Alex Horn, staff software developer at UCLA REMAP, a partnership between TFT and the UCLA Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science.
“The onstage performance, which was also filmed as a web series, was surprising, funny and disturbing,” and took the idea of improv to a different level, says Burke. In the next phase, Glass will feed real-time tweets from the audience to actors as the story unfolds. “Applying machine learning in an artistic way may seem avant-garde now,” says Burke, “but it will soon be mainstream.”
Refrigerators, Meet the Grid
If our electric cars and appliances could talk to the power grid, they could automatically use minimal energy during expensive peak periods. That’s the concept behind the work of Rajit Gadh, engineering professor and founder of the UCLA Smart Grid Energy Research Center (SMERC). Gadh and his team developed the WINSmartGrid, which allows electric cars, washers, dryers and air conditioners to be monitored, connected and controlled via a wireless or wireline hub. SMERC is in the process of adding electronics to about 30 refrigerators and installing them in UCLA dorms to gather usage data and demonstrate the effectiveness of the devices. The smart fridges will communicate with the local electricity grid in order to reduce the power used during the grid’s top demand time. “The temperature may go down a little in the main part of the fridge, or the automatic defrost cycle may be delayed to a nonpeak time, but residents hardly notice,” Gadh says.
Additionally, SMERC is researching smart sensors that would tweak our lighting, heating and cooling based on remote commands from homeowners and the demands of the grid. “More consumers are asking for smart appliances — the drive for the connected home is being driven from the ground up,” says Gadh.
Medical Wearables — A Direct Line to the Body
While techie fitness bracelets like Apple Watch, Fitbit and Jawbone make the news, UCLA medical researchers are quietly pushing the boundaries in how wearables can give doctors hard information where they once had only patients’ imperfect memories. The research could revamp health care: About 19.1 million patients around the world will be using connected home medical monitoring devices by 2018, up from 3 million in 2013, according to Berg Insight. Here’s a sampling.